by Thales José Carneiro Fortes Diniz
Graduate in philosophy at the Federal University of Ouro Preto, Mastering at the Central University of Venezuela: philosophy.
This paper describes the cooperative system called kibbutz in Israel, in order to answer questions about its origin and foundation, resources, social structure, and also highlight the goals, challenges, criticisms and the lessons that can be learned, including how to use economic and water resources.
Keywords: Kibbutz, Zionism, Cooperatives.
The cooperative system called kibbutz, plural kibbutzim, which in Hebrew means to gather is a cooperative model which first began forming in Palestine in 1904, following an expulsion wave—motivated by Russian Czarism—of Jews from various parts of mostly Southern Russia, Europe and the surrounding areas. Although the cooperative system exists around the world, in no other country has intentional collective communities played such an important role as with the kibbutzim in Israel; in fact, the very foundation of the Jewish state in 1948 completely depended on this social phenomenon.
The population of most kibbutzim is between 200 and 600 members, with some as few as 100 or as many as 1000. They also hire workers and accept volunteers. In 2010 the cooperative factories and farms of 270 kibbutzim accounted for 9 percent of the total production of Israel, around 8 billion dollars of which 40 percent derived from agriculture worth over $1.7 billion. In this article we consider how the members live and work together and its significance for others cooperatives. Most of this information was obtained from former residents, some of whom spent much of their lives in the kibbutzim and have relatives who are still part of this system. . . . → Read More: What Proutists Should Learn from the Kibbutzim Cooperatives of Israel
By Saul Escobedo
More than ten years ago, someone recommended a book to me: After Capitalism: Prout’s Vision for a New World by Dada Maheshvarananda. The book was written in English, a language which I didn’t know too well, but after thumbing through it, I decided to buy it.
The term “cooperative” in Monterrey, Mexico where I live, means a small convenience store at a public school where students can purchase primarily junk food if their parents send them off without a home-made lunch. Sometimes the word is also used to mean a pyramid scheme or something similarly dishonorable that no one should trust.
Until that moment I was a firm believer that the capitalist system represented the pinnacle of civilization. Suddenly “cooperativism” appeared to me as a viable alternative movement, upholding the values I’ve always embraced, including the wellbeing of every individual as well as of the entire community.
From left to right, Front row: Jesus Medina, Nivia Clavijo Cruz, Asha (Araceli Collazo) and Rafa Cantú. Back row: Alberto Barrera, Saul Escobedo, Francisco Rios, Luz Elena Góngora, Isabel Cristina Reséndiz Briseño, Mateo Rangel. . . . → Read More: From a Book to an Exciting Cooperative in Monterrey
On April 2, 2015 PRIVEN Volunteer Sélène Viallard and I gave a one-hour interview about Prout and Venezuela via telephone from Caracas on independent community radio station KGNU in Boulder, Colorado, USA. The show was “It’s The Economy”, with brilliant host Liz Lane. At this link you can download the file or stream it mp3. . . . → Read More: KGNU Radio Interview
ReLOVEutionaries— “Sueño Para Venezuela”. Here’s the music video of our debut song, “Dream for Venezuela”, from our new album that we made on 01/04/15. The lyrics were composed to uplift the spirits of the people, and in fact it’s becoming quite popular in Caracas. We want to share it with you. With Sélène Viallard, Thales Fortes, and Alejandro Balan. Please click and listen! . . . → Read More: Listen to our new music video!
by Dada Maheshvarananda From an impoverished family, Hugo Chávez joined the army for a chance to play baseball, but soon came to love the service that gave the opportunity for advancement to anyone based on hard work and performance. Disgusted by the corruption, censorship and human rights abuses of the Venezuelan government, the young officer started a secret organization in the military, the Bolivarian Revolutionary Movement-200 (MBR-200), to overthrow the dictatorship. As one of the most popular teachers in the Venezuelan Military Academy, he recruited young officers for ten years. Caught red-handed twice and brought before a tribunal for subversion, Chávez managed to brazenly talk his way out of the charges both times. He was so successful that by the time he led a coup d’état in 1992 to overthrow President Carlos Andrés Pérez, he had 130 officers and nearly 900 soldiers under his command, approximately ten percent of the Venezuelan military.
Though the rebels came within a few meters of capturing Pérez, they failed. The military high command arrested Chávez and ordered him to tell the rest of his men to lay down their arms. Wearing his military uniform and red paratrooper beret, this unknown lieutenant-colonel was put in front of live television cameras for 72 seconds so that he could order all his men to surrender. What he said electrified the nation. Invoking the liberation hero Simón Bolívar, Chávez assumed full responsibility for the failure, which almost no Venezuelan leader had ever done before. Then he said that the objectives of this movement were not achieved “for now”. As he went to prison, he had suddenly become a national hero to millions who realized that these soldiers were not hungry for power, rather they were risking their lives to save their country. A group of 62 retired generals ran full-page advertisements in newspapers attacking the government and supporting the coup leaders. In his cell Chávez began receiving hundreds of letters a week from supporters. . . . → Read More: “Hugo Chávez Rewrote the Textbook for Social Change: Activists should learn from both his successes and failures”
Starting now the Proutist Universal Global Office will publish a quarterly e-newsletter called “Global Impact: Prout News and Commentaries”. The purpose of this online publication is to share the work of Proutists throughout the world, learn about new programs and strategies, encourage PROUT commentaries on current events and topics, and deepen our understanding of theory and practice through insightful analysis.
We are very excited about our first issue! Proutists from around the globe—Brazil, Germany, Guatemala, India, Korea, Norway, Philippines, Portugal, Romania, USA, and Venezuela—have contributed their amazing experiences in the field. From Nigeria, we learn about how AMURT workers are effectively applying Prout strategies in rural areas. And our analysis section cuts through the smokescreen of austerity programs being imposed by global financial institutions on debtor nations and offers some Prout alternatives.
If you are interested in receiving this quarterly newsletter, please click on the following link and sign up: http://eepurl.com/bal2a1. We encourage you to share this link with other Proutists who would be interested in receiving this newsletter. We also invite you to contribute to our Spring issue coming out in April. For more information about the newsletter and how you can submit your articles, email email@example.com.
Dada Maheshvarananda for the Global Impact Team . . . → Read More: Invitation to receive Global Prout Newsletter
[Published in Gurukula Network]
By Viirabrata, Krsna and Mahaviira
Viirabrata and son Mahaviira teaching kids organic gardening
A framework to be happy
The educational process is a holistic phenomenon, where external objectivity is transformed into internal subjectivity. It goes beyond the school walls, or the family environment, or any other human relations. It goes even beyond that, straight into our own beings; it involves the universe around us and the way our souls interact with it. It does not depend on a particular school approach either, it simply happens as life does.
The Neohumanist Education framework and its learning methods encompass this holistic vision – physical, mental and spiritual – and aim for the liberation of all from exploitation sentiments (such as geo-sentiment and socio-sentiment) in order to achieve a free human society, in harmony and love within our environment. . . . → Read More: Neohumanism In Action in Venezuela
by Dada Maheshvarananda Solidarity, cooperation, and community empowerment are positive values promoted in Venezuela in contrast to the individualism and selfishness promoted by the corporate-owned mass media. Cooperatives are quietly transforming people’s values in Venezuela, and the rest of the world, though they have been mostly ignored by the mass media and by many political leaders, too.
The International Cooperative Alliance defines a cooperative as “an autonomous association of persons united voluntarily to meet their common economic, social, and cultural needs and aspirations through a jointly-owned and democratically-controlled enterprise.” Worker cooperatives develop trust, solidarity, and teamwork.
Because cooperatives promote socialist values, it is natural that the Bolivarian government once promoted cooperatives in Venezuela; what is surprising is that now it does not. . . . → Read More: The Silent Success of Cooperatives in Venezuela